Do Adults Need a Measles Vaccine? Experts Say It Depends

Wayne CurryMay 01, 2019

The United States recorded 78 new measles cases last week for a total of 704 cases so far this year, the greatest number in a quarter century, federal health officials said on Monday.

Esper said the MMR vaccine is so effective that someone who is not vaccinated can get the vaccine up to a day or so after measles exposure, and that will prevent measles from taking root.

"If you think you or someone in your family may have measles, stay at home and phone your doctor to alert them of your symptoms and allow them to make arrangements to assess you safely and without infecting other people, or call Healthline on 0800 611 116 for advice", Shoemack said.

"When that was examined further, it was discovered that, in the hurly burly of busy [medical] practice, the vaccine was not always handled optimally", Schaffner said. Esper said that's 93 percent effective by itself, but a booster dose, usually given to children as toddlers, can push that to 97 or 98 percent effective. "They have medical conditions or they're allergic to the vaccine, or they're too young to get the vaccine". Today's vaccines, by contrast, use a live virus that's not potent enough to actually produce disease but provides better protection against future infection.

We can't discuss the anti-vaxx movement without scrutinizing the specious premise that the measles vaccine is, on the whole, more risky than measles itself. Most of these are common symptoms with people who have colds and certain types of flu, which comes with its own risky and surprising complications. People who have had measles are immune.

Health officials are also recommend infants 6 through 11 months receive one dose of the vaccine before global travel.

Measles spreads through droplets in the air, which can linger for up to two hours after someone with the virus coughs or sneezes.

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"Some adults would have received an older vaccine that wasn't as effective, so those adults we'd say check your records", Heath said.

- People are considered immune if they have received two doses of MMR vaccine, have had a measles illness previously, or were born before 1969. "A single dose of measles vaccine protects about 95 percent of children, but after two doses, nearly 100 percent are immune", Michigan's health department said in a press release.

Those at higher risk - whom the agency advises to get two doses for good measure - might work in health care, travel internationally or be more likely to be affected by an outbreak.

"It's important that parents ensure that their children receive their free routine MMR immunisations on time at 15 months and 4 years of age", said Shoemack.

"If you want to believe your kid doesn't need that many shots, there's plenty of places to find people who agree with you."
Two doses are needed, spaced 28 days or more apart. Talk to your doctor about any personal risks and discuss a vaccine schedule that may be right for you.

Cullen, however, acknowledged that the number of people uncertain about their vaccination status could be very high. Sixty-six people have been hospitalized, including 24 individuals who had pneumonia.

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